Glossary of Sugar Terms
Agriculture Technology Sugarcane - a giant perennial grass with stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sucrose. Sugarcane has a 12 to 15 month growing season and yields three to four successive crops before replanting is required.

Sucrose - an organic compound commonly referred to as table sugar. A carbohydrate having the chemical composition C12H22O11. It comprises two simple sugars - glucose and fructose. It is white, odorless, and takes the form of a crystal (see below).

Crystal - a solid substance with sides and angles that naturally form a regular pattern.

Purity - the amount of sucrose in a sugar solution expressed as % of total solids.

Raw sugar - the sugar crystals separated from massecuite in a centrifugal in a raw sugar mill.

Refined sugar - sugar which has passed through the refining process (involving removal of impurities) making it more suitable for direct human consumption or use in the manufacture of other foods. Also known as white sugar.

Bagasse - the fibrous matter that remains after sugarcane stalks are crushed to extract their juice. This biomass is used to power U.S. Sugar’s raw mill and refinery. It can be used as a biofuel and as a renewable resource in the manufacture of pulp and paper products and building materials.

Molasses - a thick syrup which is a byproduct of processing sugarcane, or of refining raw cane sugar. Weight is based on sugar solids contained. It is most often sold as a cattle feed.

Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) - The Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) south of Lake Okeechobee and north of Florida’s Water Conservation Areas was so designated by the Florida Legislature and covers an area of 1,181 square miles. Sugar cane is the primary crop grown in the EAA, with relatively smaller crops of vegetables (winter leafy vegetables, rice, etc.) and sod. Included in the EAA are fifteen project canals, 25 water control structures, and Stormwater Treatment Areas (STAs), which are managed by the South Florida Water Management District.

Best Management Practices (BMPs) - special farming practices, primarily soil and farm water management techniques that help reduce phosphorus to achieve environmental goals.